PHP 5.4.31 Released

fclose

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

fcloseFecha um ponteiro de arquivo aberto

Descrição

bool fclose ( resource $handle )

O arquivo apontado por handle é fechado.

Parâmetros

handle

O ponteiro para o arquivo tem que ser válido e tem que apontar para um arquivo aberto por fopen() ou fsockopen().

Valor Retornado

Retorna TRUE em caso de sucesso ou FALSE em caso de falha.

Exemplos

Exemplo #1 Exemplo da fclose()

<?php

  $handle 
fopen('qualquerarquivo.txt''r');

  
fclose($handle);

?>

Veja Também

  • fopen() - Abre um arquivo ou URL
  • fsockopen() - Abre um socket de conexão Internet ou de domínio Unix

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User Contributed Notes 11 notes

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9
jgotti
1 year ago
In case you have some trouble to properly disconnect some client streams opened with stream_socket_server / stream_select you should give a try to stream_socket_shutdown.

<?php stream_socket_shutdown($clientStream,STREAM_SHUT_RDWR); ?>
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1
mark at markvange * com
8 years ago
It is very important to make sure you clear any incoming packets out of the incoming buffer using fread() or some equivalent.  Although you can call fclose() the socket does not actually shut down until the inbound packets have been cleared.  This can lead to some confusion.
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1
jricher at jacquesricher dot com
9 years ago
It is a GOOD_THING to check the return value from fclose(), as some operating systems only flush file output on close, and can, therefore, return an error from fclose(). You can catch severe data-eating errors by doing this.

I learned this the hard way.
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2
tom dot vom dot berg at online dot de
2 months ago
if you want to daysychain a filehandle through some functions and each function is allowed to close th file you might look in a following function first, if the handle is still valid.

Opening a file, there often will be used a code like

if (!$fh = fopen($filename, $mode)) return false;

But if you possably have closed the file and you want to check that, a smililar statement would not work.

DOES NOT WORK:   if (!$fh)  end_of_chain();

use beter: if (is_resource($fh))   end_of_chain();
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0
sineld at sineld dot com
7 years ago
Do not forget, if you are going to read the contents of the file which you have already written via fwrite() or else you have to close the file first.
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0
James R. Steel
8 years ago
In response to kumar mcmillan 'gotcha' note below, we get a different result on a W2K machine:

<?php
$file_pointer
= fopen('textfile.dat', 'r');
fclose($file_pointer);
echo
'$file_pointer is resource = ' . (is_resource($file_pointer) ? 'true': 'false');
?>

output:
$file_pointer is resource = false
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0
daniel7 dot martinez at ps dot ge dot com
12 years ago
Generally, it's always a good idea to close a file when you're done with it. It's very easy for something to go wrong and corrupt a file that hasn't been closed properly. If you're concerned about efficiency, the overhead is negligible.
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-1
crrodriguez at opensuse dot org
4 years ago
Note that since PHP 5.3.2 fclose() no longer unlock open file descriptors at shutdown.
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-4
kumar mcmillan
9 years ago
gotcha:

<?php

$file_pointer
= fopen('data.dat', 'r');
fclose($file_pointer);

echo
'$file_pointer is resource = ' . (is_resource($file_pointer) ? 'true': 'false');

?>

output:
$file_pointer is resource = true
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-5
williamhamby at williamhamby dot net
8 years ago
Trying to understand how 'end foreach' and 'endwhile' differ, I've encountered a problem I can't solve by myself. The following is a fairly easy stock portfolio script. Everything works, except at the end where I want to calculate the average of the gains as represented by $gain[$i].

<?php
$quantity
="3";
$stocks=array("iso","grn","bdgr.pk");
$buydates=array("3 jan 2006","1 feb 2006","3 apr 2006");
$prices=array("0.32","0.20","0.95");
$recommends=array("hold","strong buy","buy");
$i=0;
echo
"<tr>";
echo
"\n<th align='center'>ticker</th>";
echo
"\n<th align='center'>buy date</th>";
echo
"\n<th align='center'>price $</th>";
echo
"\n<th align='center'>recommend</th>";
echo
"\n<th align='center'>value $</th>";
echo
"\n<th align='center'>change %</th>\n</tr>\n";
foreach(
$stocks as $stock) {
$fp=fopen("http://","r");
$data=fgetcsv($fp,1000,",");
$values=$data[1];
echo
"<tr>\n<td align='center'>".$stock."</td>";
echo
"\n<td align='center'>".$buydates[$i]."</td>";
echo
"\n<td align='center'>".$prices[$i]."</td>";
echo
"\n<td align='center'>".$recommends[$i]."</td>";
echo
"\n<td align='center'>".$values."</td>\n<td align='center'>";
echo
$gain[$i]=round(((($values-$prices[$i])/$prices[$i])*100),2);
echo
"</td>\n</tr>";
fclose ($fp);
$i++;
}
echo
"\n<tr>\n<td align='center'>".$gain[$i]."<td>\n</tr>\n";
?>

Help?
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-3
kit dot lester at lycos dot co dot uk
8 years ago
fclose() also clears any locks on the file, so if another process was being kept waiting for the lock to be cleared, fclose()ing will allow the other process to continue.

[Another "just-in-case" reason to habitually fclose() all files as soon as practical!]
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